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教程/建造形状

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方形的形状,比如正方形和长方形,在Minecraft中相对容易制作,因为世界是由方块组成的。而其它的形状,比如三角形和圆形,则相对的难以制作。虽然在Minecraft的方块世界中永远不可能有一个完美的圆或完美的三角形,但本教程将向您展示建造最接近圆或三角形的形状的方法。

那么在制作本教程中的形状时可以使用任何方块,只要形状包含高度作为其尺寸之一,除了沙砾混凝土粉末

基础知识和用途[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

如果你是搞建筑的,了解如何做三角形和圆会很有帮助。虽然知道如何构建这些形状对于生存没有任何帮助,但当你制作雕像、像素艺术、房子或大型喷泉时,添加三角形和圆形会让你的建筑更有深度。

这是一个小丑的脸,它只有圆形,以及半圆的框架。一旦你知道如何在Minecraft中构建三角形和圆形,你就可以制作很多东西,这是其中之一。

一旦你知道如何构建特定的形状,你就可以进行无限的创造,并给其他玩家留下深刻的印象。一些设计想法包括一个只由三角形组成的雕像,一个从外面看起来像一个巨大球体的大厦,或者一个巨大的椭圆形手臂。当你不局限于构建正方形和长方形时,你有能力构建许多事物——尽情地展现你的创造力!

所有的形状分为两大类:二维和三维。二维形状只有长度和宽度。三维形状还包括高度。三维形状通常是两个不同的二维形状的组合,或者是两个相同类型但旋转方式不同的二维形状。要制作特定形状,请往下阅读。

二维形状[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

These 2 dimensional shapes have only length and height, or only length and width. Most 3 dimensional shapes are based on one or more 2 dimensional shapes.

Note: Each of these demonstrations for the shapes only shows how the perimeter of the shape should look. If you would like, you can fill the center of the shape in. Also, remember that for the grids, the shapes will look wider than they really are.

Right Triangle[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Right triangles are perhaps the easiest triangle to make, because of the fact that two of their sides are straight lines, going either vertical or horizontal. Only one side is diagonal. The following grids show how to make a right triangle with a 4 block base and height, and one with a 9 block base and height.






































Right triangle extensions[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

You can make right triangles with different bases and heights, but they are harder to make, because they don't use an exact line for the diagonal side. The right triangle shown before is for a 45-degree diagonal side.

For a diagonal side with a 65 - 70 degree angle, repeatedly place 2 blocks upwards for the diagonal line, before going towards the vertical line, like so:























For a diagonal side with a 20 - 25 degree angle, repeatedly place 2 blocks horizontally for the diagonal line, before going towards the vertical line, like so:























For angles in between 25 and 45, and angles between 45 and 65, you must use combinations of patterns from both of the slopes that the angle is in between.

This is a picture of the comparison between equilateral and right triangles in Minecraft. Both have a height and base of 9 blocks.

Equilateral Triangle[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Equilateral triangles are a little bit more abstract than right triangles, but they still have a clear way to build them. First, build a line of blocks however long you want your triangle to be. Then, build one block up on the edges of the lines. Continue by building in sets of 2 blocks up, going 1 block inwards each time. Look at the following grids for examples:














































































Notice how the triangles look more triangular the bigger they are.

Circles[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Circles are rather difficult to make in Minecraft, partially because of the fact that unlike triangles, there is not one way to make any size of circle; each size uses a completely different arrangement of blocks. As you look at the different sizes of circles, you will see that not all of them have the same shape, and none of them are a perfect circle. This is because different sizes of circles must have different arrangements of blocks, so that they can look as close to a circle as possible.

The pattern of blocks for every circle cannot be explained, because, like mentioned earlier, each size has a completely different pattern. The best way to make a circle is to just experiment with different block arrangements, or look at images made by other people who experimented with block arrangements and made a circle.

Take a look at the following image. This is an example of one way to make all the circles with a diameter of 1 - 18. Notice that the bigger the circles get, the more similar to a circle they look.

Pixel circles.png





3 Dimensional Shapes[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

3 dimensional shapes are composed of length, width, and height, and are usually made up of either 1 or several 2-dimensional shapes. 3-dimensional shapes are often much more complex than 2-dimensional.

Equilateral Triangular Prism[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

A triangular prism when steps 1 and 2 have been completed.

A triangular prism consists of 2 triangles and 3 rectangles connecting them. In an equilateral triangular prism, the triangles in it are equilateral. Triangular prisms are one of the more simple 3-dimensional shapes. Before starting, it's important to know what each dimension represents:

  • Height = The distance between the bottom and top of each triangle.
  • Width = The length of the base of each triangle. In an equilateral triangular prism, it should be the same as the height.
  • Length = The length of each rectangle, or the distance between both triangles.

These steps show how to make a triangular prism:

  1. Create an equilateral triangle, whichever size you like, and fill the middle of it. Look at the sub-section "Equilateral triangle" in the section "2-dimensional shapes" to see how to make this.
  2. Find out what length you want your rectangles to be. Then, count that many blocks from the triangle you just made, and make another equilateral triangle there, just like you made the first one. It should be exactly across from that one.
  3. Connect both triangles on all 3 sides. If you made your triangular prism in the air and visible from all sides, you will be able to see the 3 rectangles and 2 triangles. You are done.
This is an example of a completed equilateral triangular prism with a height and width of 7, and a length of 9.

Right Triangular Prism[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

A right triangle prism consists of 2 triangles and 3 rectangles. It is like an equilateral triangular prism, but made with right triangles instead of equilateral triangles. You could also think of it as a rectangular prism cut in half diagonally.

The dimensions for the diagonally halved rectangular prism represent the same things as for the triangular prism, so look at the height, width, and length for the triangular prism as a guide. Then, follow these steps:

  1. Create a right triangle, whichever size you like, and fill in the middle of it. Look at the sub-section "Right triangle" in the section "2-dimensional shapes" to see how to make this.
  2. Find out what length you want your rectangles to be. Then, count that many blocks from the triangle you just made, and make another right triangle there, just like you made the first one. It should be exactly across from that one.
  3. Connect both triangles on all 3 sides. If you made your diagonally halved rectangular prism in the air and visible from all sides, you will be able to see the 3 rectangles and 2 right triangles. You are done.
A fully completed right triangular prism, with a height and width of 5 blocks, and a length of 7.

Just like for the 2-dimensional right triangle, you can make the height and width of a right triangular prism bigger or smaller if you want. Make the diagonal slope of each right triangle at what ever degree of an angle you want, and just connect the triangles that same way you would for a regular right triangular prism.

Cylinder[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Cylinders, like triangular prisms, are not too difficult to make, considering that they are made up of different 2 dimensional shapes. Cylinders could be thought of as vertical circular prisms.

  1. Make a circle on the ground, with whatever diameter you want. Fill the middle of it in.
  2. Place blocks higher to extend the circle upwards, however high you want. For these ones, you can fill the middle in if you want, but if you do, there will be no space inside of the cylinder.
  3. Place a final filled-in circle on top to close the cylinder. You're finished now.

Sphere[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Here is the outline of the 3 connecting circles in a sphere, after steps 3 of 4 have been completed.

A sphere is rather difficult to make in Minecraft, but it looks great when it's finished. It is basically 3 circles, each rotated a different way, with blocks connecting them. Here are the steps:

  1. Design what size you want your sphere, create a circle with height and width for its dimensions.
  2. Make another circle with height and length for its dimensions. It's center top and center bottom block should share the center top and bottom block of the first circle you made.
  3. Make your last circle with length and width for its dimensions. The center block on the right side, left side, close side, and far side should be shared with one of the 2 other circles. You should now have the basic outline for your sphere.
  4. Finally, fill in everything in between to finish of the sphere. The exact blocks you fill in depends on the size of your sphere, but try to estimate what looks best for a sphere.
A fully completed sphere with a diameter of 15.

Dome or Partial Sphere[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

A dome is basically one half of a sphere. Usually, it's the top half, but for variations of half spheres that are not domes, it can be the right, left, or bottom half. Domes can be used to make fancy roofs, or to make "bubbles" in a wall. You can optionally use 1/4 of a sphere, or 2/3 of a sphere, for different looks, depending on what scenario you're using the partial sphere for. See this picture for an example of a half sphere, or dome:

Small half sphere.png

For more information on domes and similar variants, see Tutorials/Curved roofs.

"Oval" Tube[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

This shape does not have an official name, but it looks very cool to make. It's slightly difficult, as it requires several types of circles in different directions, but it's not too hard. It looks similar to a cylinder, but it has curved tops and bottoms. See the following steps:

  1. Make the bottom half of a sphere on the ground, so that the open side is facing towards the top.
  2. On the highest part of the partial sphere, extend those blocks up however high you want.
  3. Create the top half of a sphere on top of the highest circle of blocks, so that the shape is closed in.
  4. If desired, you can fill in the middle of the tube, so that there is no room on the inside.

See the following layered blueprint for an example of an oval tube with a diameter of 7 and a height of 11.



























































Rhombicuboctahedron[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Rhombicuboctahedron is an Archimedean solid with squares and triangles. There are 24 identical vertices, with one triangle and three squares meeting at each.

Trivia[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

  • If you have the software Microsoft paint, you will have an easier job with making shapes in Minecraft. Select a shape from the tool bar and make it on the thinnest setting. Then, draw it so that the horizontal and vertical pixels are equal, and zoom in all the way. You should be able to tell how the mini-squares paint is composed of are arranged.

See also[编辑 | 编辑源代码]