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Minecraft Wiki:沙盒/教程/速通

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速通(speedrun)是指以尽可能快的速度完成游戏中的某个任务。速通可以是针对整个游戏流程而言,也可以是游戏中的某一部分内容,比如完成所有成就/进度中的内容,或者击败某一BOSS。尝试进行速通的玩家的主要目的是挑战自我并享受与其他玩家进行比赛的乐趣。对于经验丰富的Minecraft玩家来说,速通为他们提供了一种新的挑战,他们有时会忽略甚至颠覆游戏中既定的规则,例如从不直接向下挖掘。

与大部分有结局或既定目标的游戏不同,Minecraft是一个开放的游戏,没有指定的目标或结局。然而,击败末影龙并进入返回传送门Minecraft速通中的一个常见目标。其它的目标可能还包括击败两个主要的BOSS(凋灵末影龙)或者完成部分或所有的进度/成就

示例[编辑源代码]

击败末影龙[编辑源代码]

完成所有进度[编辑源代码]

类型[编辑源代码]

与速通的目标一样,其规则也是多种多样的。一些常见的规则制定如下:

  • 自定义:在一个自定义的速通规则中,玩家以任务所需的材料作为底部创建一个超平坦世界,例如干草块(用于制作面包)、雪块末地传送门方块等。
  • 设定 种子:开始游戏前,玩家输入某一指定的种子,在一个预先已经确定好的世界中搜寻战利品、末地城、要塞等。玩家可能会多次重复使用同一种子以尝试缩短任务时间。
  • 随机种子: 玩家以一个随机种子进行游戏,搜寻村庄或其它有用的目标,必要时也可以新的随机种子重新开始游戏。
  • 利用漏洞/不利用漏洞: 玩家可选择是否利用游戏中的漏洞(这在其它游戏的速通中十分常见)。在Minecraft中,最有用的漏洞即为复制方块或物品,这些漏洞在近期的版本中大部分已被修复,因此利用漏洞的速通在较新的版本中较为罕见。
  • 利用辅助软件/不利用辅助软件:即TAS(Tool Assisted Speedrun)工具辅助速通,指使用包括且不限于按键连发、按键录制、逐帧操作、即时存读档等辅助工具进行的速通,后两者在Minecraft TAS速通中得到多种应用。但这类辅助工具通常都是不破坏游戏规则的,与单纯的作弊不同。
  • 难度: 由玩家选择世界难度。和平难度下末影人不会生成,并通常需要玩家从村民处购买末影珍珠

这篇文章的目的是提供一个在不利用漏洞的前提下击败末影龙的速通指引。

通用技巧[编辑源代码]

获取末影珍珠几乎总是任何一次速通中最耗时的部分。因此,首要任务应该是击杀末影人,并且你的第一颗末影珍珠要得到越早越好。拿到武器后,在你探索的任何洞穴里侦听末影人的声音。尤其是在进入下界后,可以在搜索下界要塞时四处寻找末影人。末影人可以更容易地在下界猎杀,因为这里需要应对的其他生物更少,经常有很多易于战斗且不被攻击的地方(如站在一个2个方块高的空间且和边缘保持距离)。带着你的烈焰棒和至少一颗末影珍珠离开下界将帮助你立刻开始朝要塞的方向行进。

在你的速通中尽早找到一个村庄总是能提供快速的食物来源。如果你没有立即看到村庄,请增加渲染距离,并前往地势较高的地方环顾四周。如果村庄有铁匠铺,那么它还可以提供木头圆石、一张工作台、一个熔炉以及战利品。对于你在速通中的最初几次尝试,你可能想要一直尝试随机世界,直到你找到一个储备充足的村庄,或者查找出生点附近有村庄的种子

一个沙漠神殿或者丛林神庙将会成为生存前期极为有益的补充,如果你在其中发现了附魔金苹果,妥善地保管它,然后用在“重要的战斗中”。

废弃传送门结构除了提供金块和战利品箱子之外,还会提供残缺的传送们框架,然而很多传送门遗迹框架中都含有哭泣的黑曜石,而后者不能用于构成框架,而而且因为其硬度需要钻石以上的稿子挖掘,因此难以使用传送门架构。尽管如此,玩家可以利用金块合成金质盔甲,并以此获得堡垒遗迹的战利品,或者制作关键时刻能救人于危难的金苹果

甜浆果或者甘蔗大规模地转化为绿宝石,并以此向村民换取钻石套装(优先为钻石镐,因为可以大量开挖黑曜石)。

如果你有足够的,用剪刀剪叶子可以是最快的获得搭柱方块方法。但是自从1.13引入距离算法后,树叶更容易凋谢了,所以小心。

一般来说,你需要一个打火石才能进入下界。然而,一旦你有了打火石,你也可以在杀死生物前将生物置于火上。这是一种不用等熔炉就可以快速得到熟肉的方法。这在早期游戏非常关键,但晚期就不那么重要了,因为你将有时间等待食物烹饪。

虽然这通常被称为Minecraft的头号潜规则,但许多玩家认为在速通中直接向下挖是正常的,特别是在速通初期。这可以节省很多时间,而且如果你正在游玩设定好的种子,并且在你知道没有危险的地方挖掘,你就不会有生命危险。

想想你需要的东西,一路上收集起来,因为当你需要的时候,很多资源会突然变得稀少。例如,你需要沙砾以获取燧石,需要熔岩来制作下界传送门,如果你计划使用它们来摧毁末影水晶,则需要雪球。采集这些物品或记下它们的位置,因为当你需要它们时很难找到它们。

如果你在进入下界传送门之前需要在主世界旅行,可以向东或向西旅行来增加你的X坐标。在下界向东或向西出发,可以更快地找到下界要塞。

尤其是在寻找重要的东西时,比如用于制作下界传送门的熔岩,烈焰人或其他下界要塞生物或用于找到末地传送门的蠹虫,请打开声音和字幕。这将有助于你知道什么时候你接近目标,并给你提示他们的方向。

F3键打开调试屏幕以时时刻刻知道你的位置。在游玩设定好的种子时,这也使你更容易找到以前找到的任何特定方块或生成结构。

两到三个金苹果在与末影龙搏斗时会有很大的帮助。砍倒橡树/深色橡树时,在采矿或搜寻战利品时,寻找苹果并留意下界金矿石金矿石。也有机会找到作为战利品的金苹果或附魔金苹果。

TNT是同时摧毁末影水晶和末影水晶周围笼子的快速方法。把水放在地上,用支柱跳跃到达笼子,把TNT放在上面,激活它,然后掉进水里。

进度[编辑源代码]

首要的抉择之一系是否挖矿。最快的速通采用地面上或靠近地面的岩浆、桶与水以建造地狱门,但这意味着你需要以最少的装备穿行地狱并消灭许多烈焰人。为了找到更多基础物品,你可以挖到岩浆层或其之下以便收集更多矿物。挖矿会大大拖慢你的时间,但也可以大大提高你在龙口及其之前生存的概率。Anecdotal evidence shows that finding a nether fortress isn't affected by the Y level of the overworld portal.

Finding iron ingots or an iron pickaxe first thing is a great boost. However, if you don't, you'll need to obtain wood, craft a wood pickaxe, mine cobblestone, craft a cobblestone pickaxe, then mine iron ore. If you don't get these things from a village, keep an eye out for a tree next to a cave so you have what you need in the same place. Ravines with a waterfall or close to water source are also a great place to get the materials you need quickly. Also, the difference between chopping a tree with your fists and using a cobblestone axe usually isn't enough to justify stopping to make one.

If you start near a village, carrots are the best raw food. Once you have time, baked potatoes are better. For survivability, you are probably going to want some cooked meat before fighting blaze or later in the game. If there are pigs, cows or sheep in the area, kill some of those, but if you didn't light them on fire first, you may want to wait to cook the meat until you enter the nether or while fighting blaze.

If you haven't spotted any lava and you don't plan to mine, you may want to gather other materials, make food, get flint or complete other necessary tasks while waiting for sunset. Once it starts to get dark, lava pools are much easier to spot from a height. Don't forget a blacksmith building has two lava source blocks if you happen to come across a smaller lava pool.

Make sure you have enough food and materials, then create a nether portal. Even if you have a diamond pickaxe, with some practice you can make a nether portal using a bucket, water and lava more quickly than mining 10 obsidian. Dig out a frame for the nether portal, if necessary, or pillar up 5-6 blocks and place your water source using the bucket. Now scoop up lava and place it next to the water to make obsidian. Keep adding lava until you have the 10 obsidian blocks in place to make the portal. If your lava makes cobblestone next to it instead of turning to obsidian, move the water source block until it's flowing next to the lava.

After you enter the nether, you may want to set up a furnace to cook or smelt anything you didn't have time to before. Remember that if you leave a furnace in the overworld it will stop smelting shortly after you enter the nether so it won't be finished when you get back.

Make sure you thoroughly understand how nether fortresses are generated and search accordingly. You are more likely to find a fortress quickly if you head east or west until X 200/-200 and then search north or south. Listen and keep an eye out for blaze and nether skeletons. Magma cubes also spawn at a higher rate in a fortress, so if you see one it might indicate a fortress nearby. Turn up your render distance, if possible, to see further. Remember to watch and listen for endermen and kill any that you find. Dig a quick tunnel two blocks high and 2 blocks back, look at the enderman and kill him from just inside the tunnel. If you travel very far to find the fortress, use torches or overworld blocks, such as cobblestone, dirt or leaves to mark your path back to the portal.

Once you find a nether fortress, you may want to search the interior first. The potential loot may help you survive the blaze and later parts of the game. A saddle is especially valuable later when you hunt endermen in the overworld. However, ultimately you want to find a blaze spawner. Ideally, you want a blaze spawner surrounded by netherrack so that you don't have to worry about blaze flying up or a ghast shooting at you. If the blaze spawner is out in the open, you may want build a quick roof and walls to keep the blaze in and protect yourself from other mobs. Building a two block pillar near the spawner can also help to block some blaze fire attacks while you kill the others. You usually want to leave with 8 blaze rods, more if you plan on making a brewing stand. If so, don't forget to get nether wart before you leave the fortress. While gathering blaze rods, you may want to keep them in your hotbar so you can see how many you have.

Finish exploring the fortress to get any additional loot, if desired, and head back to your portal. Get any items from the furnace and portal back to the overworld.

Your next two priorities are finding the stronghold and gathering ender pearls. If you have already managed to get an ender pearl, convert your blaze rod to blaze powder and make an eye of ender. Use the eye of ender to get the general direction of the end portal and start heading in the direction, unless you are in a good area for hunting endermen and it's night. It's ideal to use a triangulation calculator to minimize the number of pearls needed to find the stronghold. Write down your X and Z coordinates and the direction you are facing when looking at the eye of ender in the air (f). Two eyes of ender thrown from about 500 blocks apart in a radius around the stronghold will provide a very accurate location.

Remember that a saddle is very valuable? The fastest way to hunt endermen is riding a horse in the desert or savannah. Endermen won't spawn in the rain and therefore the lack of rain in the desert and savannah biomes is helpful. These biomes are also usually flat which makes it much easier to spot them. You can quickly ride far enough to reset the spawn, meaning you will have many more chances for endermen to spawn, riding in a large circle around the biome.

If it's daytime or you aren't near one of these biomes, head in a roughly orthogonal direction to the stronghold to get your next eye of ender reading. In other words, if the eye of ender went to the northwest, head north and a little east 500 blocks or so before the throwing the next eye. If the eye went west, head southwest a distance before throwing it. If you don't yet have an ender pearl it might be useful to pick a direction and head that way. Strongholds don't generate until 1408 blocks of the origin, so if you head in any direction out past 1000, you will most likely be closer to a stronghold than when you started. On the way, look for desert or savannah biomes and horses (and a saddle if you don't already have one). You can also look for villages, desert temples, shipwrecks and other places to find loot.

Once you reach the area of the stronghold, you can start digging, unless it's night and the surrounding area is good for hunting endermen. If not, dig a pit for your horse and head underground. You might want to dig straight down, or dig stairs since you will likely be returning to the surface. Turn up your volume and turn on subtitles to help find silverfish, which spawn inside the end portal room. Strongholds can be vast, so keep track of your progress. Open wooden doors are a sign you have already been there, but use your pickaxe to remove iron doors, or else mine down the wall next to it. Use torches or other blocks to mark areas you have explored. Once you find the end portal, place any eyes you have already and figure out how many more you will need. Many players bring an extra ender pearl to teleport off the platform in the end, if necessary.

A very valuable item is a book with looting. These can be found in a few places, including libraries in a stronghold. If you find one and you have enough iron to make an anvil, this will drastically increase the number of ender pearls you can gather.

Once you have found the end portal, return to the surface the way you came or by digging a new set of stairs. Keep hunting endermen until you have enough ender pearls. During the day you can hunt for more loot in the stronghold or the overworld, gather additional resources, such as snowballs, flint to make arrows, food and golden apples.

When you have enough ender pearls to make eyes of ender and complete the frame, get ready to fight the dragon. You'll likely need good food, a water bucket, projectiles for the end crystals, blocks for pillaring up and a good weapon or several beds. Removing the end crystals is frequently more dangerous than killing the dragon. Once they are gone, killing the dragon isn't too difficult. Also, if you aren't using beds, remember that a cobblestone axe has more damage (though lower DPS) than a diamond sword. Waiting until the dragon is perched and jumping to get crits will kill the dragon in 3-4 perches.

After the dragon is dead, jump through the portal and check your time. How did you do?